The next point was whether the institution of the Lord’s Supper had been changed, and lawfully so?
The disputant on the Papal side admitted that Christ had instituted all the Sacraments, and imparted to them their virtue and efficacy, which virtue and efficacy were the justifying grace, of man. The essentials of the Sacrament came from Christ, but there were accessories of words and gestures and ceremonies necessary to excite due reverence for the Sacrament, both on the part of him who dispenses and of him who receives it. These, Doctor Gallus affirmed, had their source either from the apostles or from the primitive Church, and were to be observed by all Christians. Thus the mass remains as instituted by the Church, with significant rites and decent dresses.
“The Word of God,” replied Olaf, “endures for ever; but,” he added, “we are forbidden either to add to it or take away from it. Hence it follows that the Lord’s Supper having been, as Doctor Gallus has admitted, instituted by Christ, is to be observed not otherwise than as He has appointed. The whole Sacrament — as well its mode of celebration as its essentials — is of Christ, and not to be changed” He quoted the words of institution, “This is my body” — “take eat;” “this cup is the New Testament in my blood” — “drink ye all of it,” &c. “ Seeing,” said he, “Doctor Gallus concedes that the essentials of a Sacrament are not to be changed, and seeing in these words we have the essentials of the Lord’s Supper, why has the Pope changed them? Who gave him power to separate the cup from the bread? If he should say the blood is in the body, I reply, this violates the institution of Christ, Who is wiser than all Popes and bishops.
Did Christ command the Lord’s Supper to be dispensed differently to the clergy and to the laity? Besides, by what authority has the Pope changed the Sacrament into a sacrifice! Christ does not say, ‘Take and sacrifice’ but, ‘Take and eat.’ The offering of Christ’s sacrifice once for all made a full propitiation. The Papal priestling, when he professes to offer the body of Christ in the Lord’s Supper, pours contempt upon the sacrifice of Christ, offered upon the altar of the cross. He crucifies Christ afresh. He commits the impiety denounced in the sixth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews. He not only changes the essentials of the Lord’s Supper, but he does so for the basest end, even that of raking together wealth and filling his coffers, for this is the only use of his tribe of priestling, and his everlasting masses.”
“Dat (Christus) solus virtutem et efficacem Sacramentis, hsec est gratia justificans hominem.” (Acta Col loquii Upsaliensis—ex Baazio.)
“SacrificulusPapisticus.” (Acta Colio quiiUpsaliensis.)
“Corradit opes”, Ivid.)