Ambrose of Milan — His Diocese — His Theology — Rufinus, Presbyter of Aquileia — Laurentius of Milan — The Bishops of the Grisons — Churches of Lombardy in Seventh and Eighth Centuries — Claude in the Ninth Century — His Labors — Outline of his Theology — His Doctrine of the Eucharist — His Battle against Images — His Views on the Roman Primacy — Proof thence arising — Councils in France approve his Views — Question of the Services of the Roman Church to the Western Nations.
Chapter 4. The Papacy from Gregory VII to Boniface VIII.
The War of Investitures — Gregory VII and Henry IV. — The Mitre Triumphs over the Empire — Noon of the Papacy under Innocent III. — Continued to Boniface VIII. — First and Last Estate of the Roman Pastors Contrasted — Seven Centuries of Continuous Success — Interpreted by some as a Proof that the Papacy is Divine — Seasons explaining this Marvelous Success — Eclipsed by the Gospel’s Progress.
Chapter 3. Development of the Papacy from Constantine.
Imperial Edicts — Prestige of Some — Fall of the Western Empire — The Papacy seeks and finds a New Basis of Power — Christ’s Vicar — Conversion of Gothic Nations — Pepin and Charlemagne — The Lombard’s and the Saracens — Forgeries and False Decretals — Election of the Roman Pontiff.
FEW PEOPLE SEEM to be aware that the Roman Catholic Church in America is officially recognized as a State. How this came about makes interesting reading. Continue reading The People of a Foreign Potentate