Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Continue reading Romans 13 and Socialism, Who is the Higher Power? God or Civil Government
Submission of the Churches of Lombardy to Rome — The Old Faith maintained in the Mountains — The Waldensian Churches — Question of their Antiquity — Approach to their Mountains — Arrangement of their Valleys — Picture of Beauty and Grandeur.
Ambrose of Milan — His Diocese — His Theology — Rufinus, Presbyter of Aquileia — Laurentius of Milan — The Bishops of the Grisons — Churches of Lombardy in Seventh and Eighth Centuries — Claude in the Ninth Century — His Labors — Outline of his Theology — His Doctrine of the Eucharist — His Battle against Images — His Views on the Roman Primacy — Proof thence arising — Councils in France approve his Views — Question of the Services of the Roman Church to the Western Nations.
Chapter 4. The Papacy from Gregory VII to Boniface VIII.
The War of Investitures — Gregory VII and Henry IV. — The Mitre Triumphs over the Empire — Noon of the Papacy under Innocent III. — Continued to Boniface VIII. — First and Last Estate of the Roman Pastors Contrasted — Seven Centuries of Continuous Success — Interpreted by some as a Proof that the Papacy is Divine — Seasons explaining this Marvelous Success — Eclipsed by the Gospel’s Progress.
Chapter 3. Development of the Papacy from Constantine.
Imperial Edicts — Prestige of Some — Fall of the Western Empire — The Papacy seeks and finds a New Basis of Power — Christ’s Vicar — Conversion of Gothic Nations — Pepin and Charlemagne — The Lombard’s and the Saracens — Forgeries and False Decretals — Election of the Roman Pontiff.